Weekly Epidemiological Report

September 2023 Week 38

Editoral

Weekly updates on epidemics in Nigeria: as at 24th september, 2023

Posted: 13-06-2024 03:19:15 PM

summary of incident

1. Information for this disease was retrieved from the Technical Working Group and Situation Reports

2. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for this disease is reported for confirmed cases only

3. CFR for this disease is reported for total cases i.e. suspected + confirmed

4. Information for sentinel influenza was retrieved from the laboratory


Lassa Fever

Key points

• There were 107 suspected cases of Lassa Fever reported from three LGAs in two states. There were four laboratory-confirmed cases and no death was recorded.

Actions

To date:

• National Lassa fever multi-partner, multi-sectoral Technical Working Group (TWG) continues to coordinate the response activities at all levels

• Conducted the 2023 Lassa Fever After Action Review

• 1st Draft of protocol for identification and management of LF in pregnant women completed

• Piloting of Epidemic Ready Primary Health Care (ERPHC) program in two states


Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM)

Key points

• There were three suspected cases of Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) reported from two LGAs in Kano and Oyo states. There was no laboratory-confirmed case and no death was recorded.

Actions

To date:

• National CSM TWG meets weekly to review reports from states and plan appropriately.

• Monitoring of epidemiological trend to guide plans for reactive vaccination campaigns,

• Implementation of CSM reactive vaccination campaign in high-burden LGAs/Wards in Jigawa state led by NPHCDA.


Yellow Fever

Key points

• There were 29 suspected cases of Yellow Fever (YF) reported from 23 LGAs in 16 states. There was no laboratory-confirmed case and no death was recorded.

Actions

To date:

• National YF multi-partner Technical Working Group (TWG) continues to coordinate activities across states.

• Daily monitoring and analysis of surveillance data across the country to guide response activities.


Cholera

Key points

• There were 27 suspected cases of Cholera reported from two LGAs in Adamawa and Ogun states. There was no laboratory confirmed case and one death was recorded.

Actions

To date

• National Cholera Multi-Sectoral Technical Working Group (TWG) is monitoring all states and supporting affected states.

• Ongoing surveillance in all states through the routine Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) and Event-Based Surveillance (EBS).

• Continuous construction of sanitation and hygiene facilities with boreholes in cholera hotspots • Conducted WASH Sector review workshop.


Measles

Key points

• There were 26 suspected cases of Measles reported from 21 LGAs in 12 states. There was no laboratory confirmed case and no death was recorded.

Actions

To date

• National Measles TWG is closely monitoring measles surveillance data and providing feedback to relevant agencies and development partners.

• Ongoing weekly surveillance and laboratory data harmonisation.


Mpox

Key points

• There was no case reported for the week.

Actions

To date

• National Mpox Technical Working Group (TWG) is monitoring activities in all states.


Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)

Key points

• There were 177 suspected cases of AFP reported from 52 LGAs in 30 states. There was no laboratory confirmed case and no death was recorded.


National influenza sentinel surveillance


Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Key points

• There were 6232 suspected cases of COVID-19 reported from five LGAs in Oyo state. There were 304 laboratory-confirmed cases and no death was recorded.

Actions

To date:

• Multi-sectoral Public Health Emergency Operation Centres (PHEOC) activated at the National and affected States

• Engagement meetings with state teams on the ongoing response, Sitrep reporting and Ag-RDT data harmonization, challenges, and way forward.

• Mainstreaming of COVID-19 response activities into routine public health interventions such as surveillance, risk communication, testing etc.


Diphtheria

Key points

• There were 33 suspected cases of Diphtheria reported from 28 LGAs in six states. There were seven confirmed cases, and no death was recorded.

Actions

To date

• National Diphtheria Technical Working Group (TWG) is monitoring activities in all states.

Highlight of the week

  • summary of incident
  • Lassa Fever
  • Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM)
  • Yellow Fever
  • Cholera
  • Measles
  • Mpox
  • Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP)
  • National influenza sentinel surveillance
  • Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
  • Diphtheria

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